Case Status

as of August 12, 2021

Some of the cases under review have completed their journey through the courts, while others are subject to ongoing proceedings.  Here is the current status of the recent court cases on Congressional oversight.

Congressional Access to Grand Jury Information

Mueller Grand Jury Case – Awaiting Supreme Court decision.

  • D.C. District Chief Judge Beryl A. Howell ruled for Congress.
  • D.C. Circuit Judges Griffith, Rao, and Rogers ruled 2-1 for Congress and ordered Mueller grand jury materials to be produced, with a Griffith concurrence and Rao dissent.
  • Supreme Court scheduled oral argument on 12/2/2020, but on 11/17/2020, the House requested a delay.

Absolute Immunity Cases

McGahn Case – Case dismissed.

  • D.C. District Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson ruled for Congress and denied a stay.
  • D.C. Circuit Judges Griffith, Henderson, and Rogers ruled 2-1 against Congress and ordered case to be dismissed for lack of standing, with a Henderson concurrence and Rogers dissent.
  • D.C. Circuit vacated the panel’s decision, ruled 7-2 en banc that Congress had standing, and remanded the case to the panel.
  • D.C. Circuit Judges Griffith, Henderson, and Rogers ruled 2-1 against Congress and ordered the case to be dismissed for failure to state a cause of action, with Rogers dissent.
  • D.C. Circuit granted a request for a second en banc review but, on July 13, 2021, after the parties reached an agreement to resolve the case, the D.C. Circuit vacated the panel’s second decision and, at the request of the parties, dismissed the case.

Kupperman Case – Case dismissed as moot.

  • D.C. District Judge Richard Leon ruled for Congress and the Trump Administration and against the plaintiff.

Tax and Financial Records Cases

House Ways & Means Case – Awaiting district court opinion.

  • D.C. District Judge Trevor McFadden held oral argument on 11/6/2019, but stayed the matter pending resolution of the McGahn case which settled in July 2021.
  • On July 30, 2021, in a reversal, the Justice Department instructed the Treasury Department to produce the Trump tax returns to Congress, and the House and DOJ moved to dismiss this case.  Former President Trump filed pleadings to block production of his tax returns to Congress. 

House Oversight Committee-Mazars Case – Awaiting possible appeal of 2021 district court opinion.

  • D.C. District Judge Ahmit Mehta ruled for Congress.
  • D.C. Circuit Judges Millett, Rao, and Tatel ruled 2-1 for Congress, with a Rao dissent.
  • Supreme Court ruled 7-2 for Congress and remanded case to D.C. Circuit which, in turn, remanded it to the district court for further proceedings.
  • D.C. District Judge Mehta again ruled for Congress, upholding the subpoena with some limitations.

Manhattan DA-Mazars Case – Complete.

  • SDNY District Judge Victor Marrero ruled for the Manhattan DA.
  • Second Circuit Judges Chin, Droney, and Katzmann ruled 3-0 for the Manhattan DA.
  • Supreme Court ruled 7-2 for the Manhattan DA and remanded case to the district court.
  • Judge Marrero again ruled for the Manhattan DA and denied a motion to stay the grand jury subpoena.
  • Second Circuit Judges Katzmann, Lohier, and Walker ruled 3-0 for the Manhattan DA.
  • Supreme Court denied a Trump request for a stay, and the subpoenaed documents were delivered to the Manhattan DA.

Deutsche Bank and Capital One Case – Awaiting district court opinion.

  • SDNY District Judge Edgardo Ramos ruled for Congress.
  • Second Circuit Judges Hall, Livingston, and Newman ruled 2-1 for Congress, with a Livingston partial concurrence and partial dissent.
  • Supreme Court ruled 7-2 for Congress and remanded case to the Second Circuit.
  • The Second Circuit, in a per curiam opinion, remanded case to the district court for further proceedings.

New York Law on State Tax Returns Case – Awaiting withdrawal of appeal.

  • D.C. District Judge Carl Nichols dismissed New York officials, imposed notice requirement on Congress.
  • D.C. Circuit accepted an interlocutory appeal filed by House Committee on Ways & Means, but in November 2020, the Committee indicated it planned to withdraw that appeal.

Executive Privilege Cases

House Census Case – Awaiting district court opinion.

  • D.C. District Judge Randolph Moss held oral argument on 1/30/2020, but stayed the case pending D.C. Circuit decisions on jurisdiction and cause of action in the McGahn case.

Fast and Furious Case – Complete.

  • D.C. District Judge Amy Berman Jackson ruled in part for Congress and in part for the Executive Branch.
  • D.C. Circuit Court appeal dismissed at the joint request of the parties.

Private Sector Subpoenas

Fusion GPS Case – Complete.

  • D.C. District Judge Richard Leon ruled for Congress.
  • No appeal was filed.

Backpage.com Case – Complete.

  • D.C. District Judge Rosemary M. Collyer ruled for Congress.
  • D.C. Circuit Judges Srinivasan, Tatel, and Wilkins ruled appeal was moot, vacated lower court ruling at request of plaintiff with no objection from Congress.

Emoluments Case

Members of Congress Emoluments Case – Complete.

  • D.C. District Judge Emmet Sullivan issued rulings favorable to Members of Congress who brought the suit and approved an interlocutory appeal.
  • D.C. Circuit Judges Griffith, Henderson, and Tatel ruled, in a per curiam decision, that Members of Congress lacked standing and remanded the case to district court to be dismissed.
  • Supreme Court denied a petition for review filed by Members of Congress.
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